Sweet violet

  • Sweet violet_img_0
    Sweet violet @ Chiyoda-ku
  • Sweet violet_img_1
    Sweet violet @ Chiyoda-ku
  • Sweet violet_img_2
    Sweet violet @ Chiyoda-ku
  • Sweet violet_img_3
    Sweet violet @ Kyoto Botanical Garden
  • Sweet violet_img_4
    Sweet violet @ Kyoto Botanical Garden

Basic information

Flower Name
Sweet violet
Formal Name
Viola odorata
Alias
Sweet violet, Viola odorata
Habitat
Europe, North Africa, west Asia
Morph
Cold hardiness of years grass

Comment

What is Sweet violet

Sweet violet (scientific name: Viola odorata) is native to Europe and North Africa, West Asia, and is a cold-resistant perennial of the violet family violet. The stem is shiny, the leaves are heart-shaped, and the flowers have fragrance. Flowers are smaller than pansies and violas, but flower attachment is also inferior, but flower fragrance is strong. It is also known as the flower that Napoleon loved. Because of fragrance, it is also called 'Sweet violet', and many horticultural species are bred. Usage is flower as raw material of perfume, potted plant, small bouquet, corsage. Flowers have been used for scenting candy stores since long ago, but seeds and rhizomes contain toxic ingredients. The Sweet violet 'Kogane' (scientific name: Viola odorata 'Kogane') which is a kind of odorous violet is a yellow variety of leaves.

Common name: sweet violet, scientific name: Viola odorata, Origin: Europe, North Africa, West Asia, plant height: 10 to 15 cm, root foliage, bilaterally symmetrical flower, flower diameter: 2 to 3 cm, flower shape: five flower violet type with a kyo in flowers, flowering period: February to May, flower color: normal blue purple · light purple · pink · white, flowering method of blooming: single bloom · double flower, application: perfume raw material, bouquet, medicated (cough).

Detailed information

Order
Malpighiales
Family
Violaceae
Genus
Viola
Species
V. odorata
Flower language
Refined (Dec 01)
Flower type
Zygomorphic Flower
Flower array
Solitary Inflorescence
Petal shape
Violet
Leaf type
Cordate
Leaf edge
Serrated
Flowering place
GardenBotanic gardenpark
Color
Pink, Violet, White
Season
FebMarAprMay
Height
10 ~ 15 [cm]
Diameter
2 ~ 3

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