Sweet violet

Viola odorata

  • Sweet violet
  • Sweet violet
  • Sweet violet
  • Sweet violet
  • Sweet violet
  • Sweet violet
  • Sweet violet
  • Sweet violet
  • Sweet violet
  • Sweet violet
  • Flower name
    Sweet violet
  • Scientific name
    Viola odorata
  • Aliasスイートバイオレット, ビオラ・オドラータ, Sweet violet, Viola odorata, 匂菫, スミレ
  • Place of originEurope, North Africa, west Asia
  • Place of floweringGarden, Botanical Gardens, Park
  • Flowering seasonFebruary, March, April, May
  • Language of flowersRefined

What is Sweet violet

Sweet violet (scientific name: Viola odorata) is native to Europe and North Africa, West Asia, and is a cold-resistant perennial of the violet family violet. The stem is shiny, the leaves are heart-shaped, and the flowers have fragrance. Flowers are smaller than pansies and violas, but flower attachment is also inferior, but flower fragrance is strong. It is also known as the flower that Napoleon loved. Because of fragrance, it is also called 'Sweet violet', and many horticultural species are bred. Usage is flower as raw material of perfume, potted plant, small bouquet, corsage. Flowers have been used for scenting candy stores since long ago, but seeds and rhizomes contain toxic ingredients. The Sweet violet 'Kogane' (scientific name: Viola odorata 'Kogane') which is a kind of odorous violet is a yellow variety of leaves.

Common name: sweet violet, scientific name: Viola odorata, Origin: Europe, North Africa, West Asia, plant height: 10 to 15 cm, root foliage, bilaterally symmetrical flower, flower diameter: 2 to 3 cm, flower shape: five flower violet type with a kyo in flowers, flowering period: February to May, flower color: normal blue purple · light purple · pink · white, flowering method of blooming: single bloom · double flower, application: perfume raw material, bouquet, medicated (cough).


  • Eye
    Malpighiales
  • Family
    Violaceae
  • Genus
    Viola
  • Species
    V. odorata
  • Type of flower
    Left-right symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Monopetal inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Violet
  • Leaf type
    heart-shaped
  • Edge of the leaf
    Serrated
  • Life typeCold hardiness of years grass
  • Flower colorsPurple Blue
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height10.0 ~ 15.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower2.0 ~ 3.0 cm

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