Cirsium japonicum

Cirsium japonicum

national flower of Scotland

  • Cirsium japonicum
  • Cirsium japonicum
  • Cirsium japonicum
  • Cirsium japonicum
  • Flower name
    Cirsium japonicum
  • Scientific name
    Cirsium japonicum
  • Aliasアザミ, 野薊, 薊, ドイツアザミ, Cirsium japonicum, テラオカアザミ
  • Place of originEast Asia in Taiwan, Korea, China, Japan
  • Place of floweringFields and footpaths
  • Flowering seasonMay, June, July, August

What is Cirsium japonicum

Birth flowers for Apr 19, Sep 18, Oct 21

The wild thistle (Cirsium japonicum) is a perennial wildflower native to East Asia, native to Taiwan, Korea, China, and Japan, and belonging to the thistle family, Asteraceae. It is considered the national flower of Scotland. It is also known as thistle, teraoka thistle, and German thistle. It grows wild in fields from Honshu to Kyushu. The grass is 50-100 cm tall. The entire plant has sharp spines. The leaves are pinnate, rhizomatous, with spines on the leaf margins, and spread out in a rosette shape at the edge of the plant's face. Flowers are in an infinite inflorescence that blooms from the bottom to the top. From May to August, thin flower stalks emerge from between the rhizomatous leaves, and from the tips of these stalks, head-like inflorescences extend and bloom with numerous clusters of reddish-purple tubular flowers. The corolla consists of only tubular flowers and no lingual flowers. The corolla is 4-5 cm in diameter and the color is reddish purple. After the flower, a long oval thin fruit is produced. It is a food plant of the mountain crow swallowtail butterfly (scientific name: Papilio maackii).

General name:Cirsium japonicum , scientific name:Cirsium japonicum , height: 50-100 cm, leaf: pinnate, phyllotaxis: alternate, margin: spine, Flower inflorescence: head-like inflorescence, Corolla: tube-shaped flowers just a solitary flower head, Corolla Diameter: 4-5 cm, flower color:purple, flowering season: May-August, fruit: achenes, fruit shape: oblong, uses: medicinal.

  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Gross inflorescence
  • Petal shape
  • Leaf type
    Feather shape
  • Edge of the leaf
  • Life typeperennial wildflower
  • Flower colorsPink Purple
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height50.0 ~ 100.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower4.0 ~ 5.0 cm

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