Lemon

Citrus medica

  • Lemon
  • Lemon
  • Lemon
  • Lemon
  • Flower name
    Lemon
  • Scientific name
    Citrus medica
  • Aliasハワイアンシトロン, セドラ, citron
  • Place of originIndia
  • Place of floweringOverseas, Subtropical region
  • Flowering season

What is Lemon

Citron (scientific name: Citrus medica) is an evergreen shrub native to India, belonging to the family Rutaceae.
The fruit is larger and stouter than lemons (scientific name: Citrus limon).
The branches have thorns. The leaves are large and oblong. The inflorescence is composed of many five-petaled, aromatic, light purple flowers. The long ovoid fruit that follows the flowers has a thick skin, little flesh, and a sour taste. It is not suitable for eating raw, but the juice and rind are used for candying and flavoring. The fruit is also used in Jewish festival rituals.
It is known as a single parent of the lemon, and the lemon was created by crossing the citron with the bitter orange. This image was labeled as a Hawaiian lemon.

Common name: citron, scientific name: Citrus medica, origin: India, tree height: 2-7 m, leaf shape: oblong, radiate symmetrical flowers, flower color: light purple, flowering season: all year round, fruit color: green to yellow, fruit shape: long oval to yellow. Flowering season: all year round; fruit color: green to yellow; fruit shape: long oval to broadly oval.


  • Eye
    Sapindales
  • Family
    Rutaceae
  • Genus
    Citrus
  • Species
    C. medica
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Gross inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Five-petal
  • Leaf type
    oblong
  • Edge of the leaf
    Serrated
  • Life typeEvergreen shrubs, fruit trees
  • Flower colorsPurple White
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorYellow
  • Height150.0 ~ 250.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower3.0 ~ 3.0 cm

Random flowers