Exacum affine

Exacum affine

  • Exacum affine
  • Exacum affine
  • Exacum affine
  • Exacum affine
  • Flower name
    Exacum affine
  • Scientific name
    Exacum affine
  • Alias紅姫竜胆, Exacum affine, ペルシアンバイオレット, Persian violet, ベニヒメリンドウ, Exacum, ソコトラ・バイオレット
  • Place of originSocotra Archipelago in Yemen
  • Place of floweringGarden, Potted flower
  • Flowering seasonJune, July, August, September, October
  • Language of flowersSweet nothings

What is Exacum affine

Exacum affine(scientific name: Exacum affine) is an endemic species of Socotra island in Yemen and is non-cold-resistant perennial of the family Gentianacea. Speaking of exzacum, it refers to Exacum affine. In Socotra Island, it grows naturally in the rocky place and is called "Socotra violet". Cultivation was done all over the world, and came to Japan around 1928. Leaves are small, hard and shiny. Blue purple corolla splits 4 to 6 at the tip and contrast with yellow anther is beautiful. It is well branched, and from early summer to autumn, small flowers are bloomed from the axil to the next one. Fragrance emanates at the time of flowering. Affine of species pedophilus means "approximate". There are also white flower varieties and double double flowers. Exacum affine 'White rococo' is a double flowering variety of double flowers.

Common name: Exacum , Scientific name: Exacum affine , aka: Pacifica violet , the place of origin: Yemen, environment: a rocky place, an ecotype: Perennial plant, height of a rice plant: 20-30cm, a leaf color: Strong green, leaf shape: Ovoid, a phyllotaxis: Anti-life, a leaf relationship: All relationships, flower diameter: 1-2 cm, a color of a flower: Bluish violet, blue, white, anther color : Yellow, The way of blooming of the flower: single or double, anthesis: From June to October.


  • Eye
    Gentianales
  • Family
    Gentianaceae
  • Genus
    Exacum
  • Species
    E. affine
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Monopetal inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Funnel/trumpet shaped
  • Leaf type
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typeNon-Hardy for many years the grass
  • Flower colorsPurple
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height20.0 ~ 30.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower1.5 ~ 2.0 cm

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