national flower : Jordan
- Flower nameIris nigricans
- Scientific nameIris nigricans
- Place of originendemic to Jordan
- Place of floweringSpecific area
- Flowering seasonMarch, April
- Language of flowersWonderful encounter
What is Iris nigricans
Iris nigricans, or commonly called black Iris (scientific name: Iris nigricans), endemic to Jordan, is a rhizomatous deciduous perennial herb of the iris family. It is the national flower of Jordan. The black iris is 35-40 cm tall, with broadly sword-shaped, 8 cm wide, recurved leaves.
Although Jordan is a country of mountains, valleys, and deserts, the black iris blooms in March and April, when the conditions are right: well-drained sandy soil, at least 8 hours of sunlight, and temperatures that are not too low. It is an endangered species.
Common name: Iris nigricans, scientific name: Iris nigricans, habitat: well-drained sandy soil, at least 8 hours of sunlight, and not too warm. Height: 35-40 cm, Leaf shape: broadly sword-shaped, leaf width: 8 cm, Flower diameter: 12-15 cm, Flowering season: March-April, Flower color: black-purple, Note: Endangered species.