Solomon's Seal

Polygonatum falcatum

  • Solomon's Seal
  • Solomon's Seal
  • Flower name
    Solomon's Seal
  • Scientific name
    Polygonatum falcatum
  • Alias鳴子百合, ユリ, Narukoyuri
  • Place of originEast Asia
  • Place of flowering
  • Flowering seasonMay, June

What is Solomon's Seal

Solomon's Seal or Narukoyuri (scientific name: Polygonatum falcatum) is a perennial wildflower in the family Asparagaceae native to East Asia. The leaves are larger than the flowers, resemble bamboo leaves, and grow in alternate clusters. The flowers are borne in bunches of four or five pale green tubular flowers that are anchored along the arching flower stalk. The flowers are followed by spherical green fruits, which ripen black in autumn. The shoots are used as wild vegetables, and the rhizome as an herbal medicine.

General name: Solomon's Seal, Scientific name: Polygonatum falcatum, aka:Narukoyuri,
Place of origin: Japan, Korean Peninsula, China and other East Asian countries, Habitat: Honshu - Shikoku, Kyushu, Living Environment: Under forest in mountainous areas, Life style: Perennial wildflower, Grass Height: 50-120 cm, Stem Length: 150 cm, Life Form: Perennial wildflower, Leaf shape: lanceolate, leaf inflorescence: alternate in two rows.
Flowering season: May-June, Flower color: light green, Flower length: 2 cm, Flowering area: from leaf axil to base of leaf, Flowering season: May-June, Flowering color: light green, Flower length: 2 cm, Flowering area: petiole emerges from the leaf axil and branches into four petals (the branching is at the short petiole), Stamens: 6; pistil hairless; stigma hairless, Fruit type: liquid fruit; color: blackish purple; fruit shape: cherry-like, Fruit size: 1 cm; Seed shape: ovoid; Seed diameter: 0.3 cm; Number of seeds: 8.


  • Eye
    Asparagales
  • Family
    Asparagaceae
  • Genus
    Polygonatum
  • Species
    P. falcatum
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Compound scape inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Tubular
  • Leaf type
    Linear
  • Edge of the leaf
    Serrated
  • Life typePerennial grasses
  • Flower colorsWhite
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height100.0 ~ 150.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower2.0 ~ 2.0 cm

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