Saintpaulia

Saintpaulia ionantha

  • Saintpaulia
  • Saintpaulia
  • Saintpaulia
  • Saintpaulia
  • Saintpaulia
  • Saintpaulia
  • Flower name
    Saintpaulia
  • Scientific name
    Saintpaulia ionantha
  • AliasSaintpaulia, アフリカスミレ, African violet
  • Place of originEast Africa such as southern Kenya and northern Tanzania
  • Place of floweringGreenhouse, Horticultural species, Potted flower
  • Flowering seasonJanuary, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

What is Saintpaulia

Saintpaulia or African violet,(scientific name: Saintpaulia ionantha) is an evergreen, non-cold tolerant, perennial plant belonging to the genus Saintpaulia belonging to the Saccharidae family. The place of origin is mountains in East Africa, such as southern Kenya and nnorthern Tanzania.
Discovered by German von Saint Paul-Illaire, it is also the origin of the name.
The plant height is low, the stem length is short and short and the stem is short “rosette type” and the dwarf “trail type”. Although there seem to be five petals, it is considered a joint flower because it is attached at the root. The florets are about 2-4 cm in diameter, with two yellow buds in the center of the flower. Extend the gathering inflorescence and make multiple flowers bloom throughout the year. The original species is purple, but horticultural varieties such as red, pink blue, and white are on the market.

Common name: Saintpaulia, scientific name: Saintpaulia ionantha, also known as: African violet, place of origin: East Africa such as southern Kenya, northern Tanzania, environment: wet shade in the mountains, habitat distribution: greenhouse, plant height: 10-20 cm, Corolla form: Five petals but a joint flower attached at the root, Small flower diameter: 2-4 cm, Number of buds: 2, Scarlet: Yellow, Flower color: Light purple to dark For purple and horticultural varieties, red, peach, purple, blue, white single and double colors, flower shape: single to double bloom, bell bloom (bell-shaped), frills (flickering edges), wasp (petals reversed) , Use: potted indoors.


  • Order
    Lamiales
  • Family
    Gesneriaceae
  • Genus
    Saintpaulia
  • Species
    S. ionantha
  • Type of flower
    Left-right symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Monopetal inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Tubular
  • Leaf type
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typeevergreen, non-cold tolerant, perennial plamt
  • Flower colorsPink Purple
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height10.0 ~ 20.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower2.0 ~ 4.0 cm

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