- Flower nameSwartzia pinnata
- Scientific nameSwartzia pinnata
- Alias一弁花, Swartzia pinnata, スヴァルツィア・ピンナータ, Bois Pois, Ichi-Ben-Bana
- Place of originTrinidad & Tobago, Guyana, Caribbean
- Place of floweringGreenhouse, Botanical Gardens, Overseas, Subtropical region, Specific area
- Flowering seasonJune, July
What is Swartzia pinnata
Swartzia pinnata, Bois Pois or Ichi-Ben-Bana (scientific name: Swartzia pinnata) is an evergreen shrub of the genus Swartzia in the Fabaceae family, endemic to the tropical rainforests of Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana and the Caribbean. It produces yellow flowers directly from the trunk by spreading a raceme. The flowers of the legume family are generally butterfly-shaped, but this one has only one flagellum, and the other four have degenerated. That is the origin of the flower's name. The genus name "Swartzia" is a dedication to the Swedish botanist "Olof Swartz", and the species name "pinnata" is based on the "pinnate" leaves.
Common name:Swartzia pinnata, scientific name: Swartzia pinnata, aka: ichibenbana, height: 6-15 m, leaf shape: pinnate compound leaf, leaf blade length: 15-30 cm, number of leaflets: 5, leaflet shape: elliptic, inflorescence: alternate, inflorescence diameter: entire inflorescence, flowering season: June - July, flowering diameter: 2-5 cm, flowering time Diameter: 2-5 cm; Petals: 1; Stamens: numerous; Insectivores: bees; Fruit length: 10-14 cm; Fruit shape: violin-shaped capsule; Fruit length: 10-15 cm; Fruit color: green to red.