Swartzia pinnata

Swartzia pinnata

  • Swartzia pinnata
  • Swartzia pinnata
  • Swartzia pinnata
  • Swartzia pinnata
  • Flower name
    Swartzia pinnata
  • Scientific name
    Swartzia pinnata
  • Alias一弁花, Swartzia pinnata, スヴァルツィア・ピンナータ, Bois Pois, Ichi-Ben-Bana
  • Place of originTrinidad & Tobago, Guyana, Caribbean
  • Place of floweringGreenhouse, Botanical Gardens, Overseas, Subtropical region, Specific area
  • Flowering seasonJune, July

What is Swartzia pinnata

Swartzia pinnata, Bois Pois or Ichi-Ben-Bana (scientific name: Swartzia pinnata) is an evergreen shrub of the genus Swartzia in the Fabaceae family, endemic to the tropical rainforests of Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana and the Caribbean. It produces yellow flowers directly from the trunk by spreading a raceme. The flowers of the legume family are generally butterfly-shaped, but this one has only one flagellum, and the other four have degenerated. That is the origin of the flower's name. The genus name "Swartzia" is a dedication to the Swedish botanist "Olof Swartz", and the species name "pinnata" is based on the "pinnate" leaves.

Common name:Swartzia pinnata, scientific name: Swartzia pinnata, aka: ichibenbana, height: 6-15 m, leaf shape: pinnate compound leaf, leaf blade length: 15-30 cm, number of leaflets: 5, leaflet shape: elliptic, inflorescence: alternate, inflorescence diameter: entire inflorescence, flowering season: June - July, flowering diameter: 2-5 cm, flowering time Diameter: 2-5 cm; Petals: 1; Stamens: numerous; Insectivores: bees; Fruit length: 10-14 cm; Fruit shape: violin-shaped capsule; Fruit length: 10-15 cm; Fruit color: green to red.


  • Order
    Fabaceae
  • Family
    Fabaceae
  • Genus
    Swartzia
  • Species
    S. pinnata
  • Type of flower
    Left-right symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Gross inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Other
  • Leaf type
    Pinnate compound leaf
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typeevergreen shrub
  • Flower colorsYellow
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height600.0 ~ 1500.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower2.0 ~ 5.0 cm

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