Japanese Elm

Ulmus davidiana var. japonica

  • Japanese Elm
  • Japanese Elm
  • Flower name
    Japanese Elm
  • Scientific name
    Ulmus davidiana var. japonica
  • Alias春楡, Ulmus davidiana var. japonica, ニレ, エルム, Japanese Elm, アカダモ
  • Place of originJapan
  • Place of floweringBotanical Gardens, Hokkaido
  • Flowering seasonMarch, April, May

What is Japanese Elm

Japanese Elm (Scientific name: Ulmus davidiana var. japonica) is a deciduous broad-leaved tree native to Japan and belongs to the elm family Ulmaceae. It grows wild from Hokkaido to Kyushu. The bark is grayish brown and deeply cleft vertically. The sticky liquid that comes out when the bark is peeled off is used for adhesives. The flowers are petal-less, yellow-green and bisexual, with stamens and pistils. The tree can grow up to 30 meters tall, so it is used as a park tree or a roadside tree rather than for home gardens. The large leaves are asymmetrical on the lower half.

Common name: Japanese Elm, Scientific name:Ulmus davidiana var. japonica, also known as elm, Japanese Elm, haru damo (Japanese), Place of origin: Japan, Type of life: deciduous tree, Tree height: 15-30 m, Tree diameter: 1 m, Bark color: grayish brown, deeply lobed longitudinally, Leaf length: 3-12 cm, Leaf width: 3-5 cm, Leaf inflorescence: alternate, Leaf shape: ovate to elliptic; leaf margin: doubly serrate; stamens: 4; anthers: reddish brown, Pistil: double column with white hairs; flowering season: March-May; color: yellowish-green stamens; fruit season: May-June; fruit diameter: 1.5 cm, Use: park trees, roadside trees, bonsai, fittings, musical instruments, charcoal.


  • Order
    Urticales
  • Family
    Ulmaceae
  • Genus
    Ulmus
  • Species
    U. davidiana var. japonica
  • Type of flower
    Other
  • Array of flower
    Other
  • Petal shape
    without
  • Leaf type
    Inverted ovoid
  • Edge of the leaf
    Serrated
  • Life typedeciduous broad-leaved tree
  • Flower colors
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height1500.0 ~ 3000.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower0.0 ~ 0.0 cm

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