Flower Database

Gymnadenia conopsea

Basic information
Flower Name
Gymnadenia conopsea
Formal Name
Gymnadenia conopsea
Alias
千鳥草, 手形千鳥, Gymnadenia conopsea, fragrant orchid, marsh fragrant orchid
Habitat
Eurasian Continent
Morph
Perennial plant
Comment
Gymnadenia conopsea or Tegata-chidori (scientific name: Gymnadenia conopsea) is native to the Eurasian Continent and is a perennial of the Orchidaceae. In Japan, It grows naturally in alpine in Hokkaido. In the summer, it puts out flower stems, and is makes a large number of small floral florets bloom in a inflorescence stretched from its tip. The origin of the Japanese name depends on the fact that the roots are similar to hand shape or that the shape of the flower resembles a plover flies. There are several of the Gymnadenia genus such as Dactylorhiza Aristata(Hakusan-chidori, scientific name::Dactylorhiza aristata), Nobine-chidori(scientific name: Neolindleya camtschatica ), Gymnadenia conopsea(Tegata chidori), etc, and their colors are also pink ornd similar to one another. In detail, the lip part of the flower has no conspicuous group in the Gymnadenia conopsea(Tegata chidori), whereas the hakusanchidori has a deep red spot, and the nobine-chidori contains two purple vertical lines. Leaves are widely linear in Tegata-chidori, Hakusan-chidori has an overwhelmed needle shape, and Nobine-chidori has an elliptical shape.
Generic name: gymnadenia, Scientific name:Gymnadenia conopsea, aka: Delphinium (staggered grass), Habitat: Hokkaido-Honshu, the living environment: (sub) Alpine grassland, plant height: 30-60 cm, inflorescence type: racemes, flower color: light pink, flower diameter: 1 cm, flowering: July to August.
Detailed information
Order
Asparagales
Family
Orchidaceae
Genus
Gymnadenia
Species
G. conopsea
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Racemous Inflorescence
Petal shape
Orchid
Leaf type
Wide linear
Leaf edge
Entire Fringe
Flowering place
Alpine
Color
Red, Pink
Season
Jul Aug
Height
30  ~ 60  [cm]
Diameter
1  ~ 1