saffron crocus

Crocus sativus

  • saffron crocus
  • saffron crocus
  • saffron crocus
  • saffron crocus
  • Flower name
    saffron crocus
  • Scientific name
    Crocus sativus
  • AliasSaffron, Saffron crocus, サフランクロッカス
  • Place of originGarden variety (species, Greece)
  • Place of floweringGarden, Field
  • Flowering seasonOctober, November

What is saffron crocus

Saffron (scientific name: Crocus sativus) is native to Greece and is a bulbous plant of the family Iridaceae. The original species is from Greece, but what is currently cultivated is a horticultural variety. The plant is low and has about 10 pine-leaves. In autumn, a short stalk extends from the center of the leaf and a relatively large purple flower that resembles Crocus blooms. The pistil has a bright red color and its tip is split into three, and the dried one is prized as an expensive spice or medicine called saffron. Dried saffron, when soaked in water, turns into a yellow color with a characteristic fragrance, and is used in Spanish cuisine 'Paella' and Moroccan cuisine 'Couscous'. A similar flower isColchicum = Dog Saffron, which is a poisonous plant.

Common name: Saffron, scientific name: Crocus sativus, aka: Saffron crocus, place of origin: horticultural variety (original species is Greece) , Life style: bulbous plant, plant height: 20 cm, leaf shape: thick and linear, leaf color: green, number of leaves: 10 flowers, flower color: purple, flower diameter: 8 cm, corolla shape: funnel shape, flowering period: October ~ November, number of pistils: 1, style of flower: 3 splits in bright red, number of stamens: 3, use: spices and medicinal (flower style), potted plant, flowerbed, remarks 1: sedating stigma for medicinal use, multi-drug, coldness Ingredients used for improvement: Carotenoid glycoside (crocin), Remark 2: Crotin for yellow pigment, safranal for aromatic component.


  • Eye
    Asparagales
  • Family
    Iridaceae
  • Genus
    Crocus
  • Species
    C. sativus
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Monopetal inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Iris-shaped
  • Leaf type
    Linear
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typeBulbous plants
  • Flower colorsPurple
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height20.0 ~ 20.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower8.0 ~ 8.0 cm

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