Peacock flower

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

  • Peacock flower
  • Peacock flower
  • Peacock flower
  • Peacock flower
  • Flower name
    Peacock flower
  • Scientific name
    Caesalpinia pulcherrima
  • AliasPride of Barbados, ヒメホウオウボク, Poinciana, Peacock Flower, 黄紅蝶, オオゴチョウ, Dwarf Poinciana, ポインシアナ
  • Place of originCentral America Caribbean and West Indies
  • Place of floweringFields and footpaths
  • Flowering seasonJune, July, August, September, October
  • Language of flowersSimplified

What is Peacock flower

Peacock Flower (scientific name: Caesalpinia pulcherrima) is native to the West Indies to Mexico and is a tropical evergreen small tree of the family Caesalpiniaceae. Brilliant red orange flowers and yellow double ring flowers bloom in conical inflorescence. From the center of the petal, make a long red stamen protrude. In Okinawa, it is designated as a prefectural flower called Samsung flower along with Ixora chinensi, Erythrina variegata (Deigo). There are Royal Poinciana in the three largest flower trees in the world, whereas this species of shrub is also referred to as a fly-eyebrow (Princess Phoenix woman). The flower language is "simple".

Generic name: Peacock Flower, scientific name: Caesalpinia pulcherrima, a.k.a: pride of Barbados, Pride of Barbados, Dwarf Poinciana, Barbados-pride, Origin: West Indies, Mexico, life type: tropical Evergreen small trees, height: 2-5 m, branches: spine of the leaf: 2 times pinnately compound leaves, small leaf shape: oval-shaped-long elliptical oval, leaf lamina length:1 to 1.5 cm, leaf width:0.8 - 1 cm, left-right asymmetric flowers, flowers: panicles, Corolla: Butterfly-shaped, flower: red-orange, yellow, flower diameter: 4-5 cm, flowering time: June-October, fruit types: bean fruits, fruit length: 10 cm And like uses: potted plants, Garden, note: sunshine and high water, enjoy the flowers.


  • Eye
    Fabales
  • Family
    Fabaceae
  • Genus
    Caesalpinia
  • Species
    C. pulcherrima
  • Type of flower
    Left-right symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Cone / Compound inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Butterfly shape
  • Leaf type
    2 times pinnate compound leaf
  • Edge of the leaf
    All edges
  • Life typeSmall tropical shrub
  • Flower colorsOrange
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height200.0 ~ 300.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower4.0 ~ 6.0 cm

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