National flower: Vatican City
- Flower nameLilium candidum
- Scientific nameLilium candidum
- Aliasリリー, Lily, 百合, ニワシロユリ, Madonna Lily
- Place of origin Balkans and the Middle East
- Place of flowering
- Flowering seasonJune, July
What is Lilium candidum
Lilium candidum or Madonna Lily (scientific name: Lilium candidum) is a bulbous plant of the lily family Liliaceae, native to the Balkans and the Middle East. It is considered the national flower of Vatican City. The Madonna Lily is the flower depicted in wall paintings of the Aegean and Edenic civilizations, and the white flower held by the Virgin Mary in her hand in the painting of the Virgin Birth. It is also known by its Japanese name, Niwashi Shiroyuri, and its scientific name, Lilium candidum. The plant is about 1 m tall and produces 10 to 20 flowers per stem from June to July. The flowers are shallow funnel-shaped, about 10 cm in diameter, and bloom horizontally. There are six petals, pure white and fragrant. The anthers are yellow.
Unfortunately, it seems to have lost popularity since the importation of the tepou lily from Japan, and has been replaced by the Madonna lily.
Common name: Lilium candidum , scientific name: Lilium candidum, also known as Madonna Lily, flower color: white, grass: 100 cm, bisexual flowers, flower diameter: 10 cm, flowering season. June-July, Fruit type: Capsules, Uses: perfume, cut flower, potted plant