Plum tree

Prunus salicina

National flower of North Korea

  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Plum tree
  • Flower name
    Plum tree
  • Scientific name
    Prunus salicina
  • Alias酢桃, 李, ハタンキョウ, Prunus salicina
  • Place of originChina
  • Place of floweringOrchard, Botanical Gardens
  • Flowering seasonMarch, April
  • Language of flowersChastity

What is Plum tree

Plum tree , scientific name: Prunus salicina , is a deciduous broad-leaved trees and its fruit of the genus Prunus of the family Rosaceae native to China. It was introduced to Japan during the Nara period. Simultaneously with the development of the leaves in the spring, the single flower inflorescences are extended to the tip of the flower which comes out of the branch, and white flowers of five petals bloom. The leaves in the bud are in a one-roll shape. After flowers, let the spherical fruits with grooves be made on the side. Pulp is pale yellow to brilliant and has sweetness and sourness. The surface of one large seed in the center is smooth. The origin of the name is based on the fact that the taste is sour and the shape of the fruit is similar to that of the rose family peach. Autumn leaves are also beautiful.

Common name: Plum tree, scientific name: Prunus salicina, national flower: North Korea, aka: Nippon sumomo (Japan season), Place of Origin: China, Living Type: Deciduous Broad-leaved Tree, Tree Height: 4 to 10 m, Single Leaf, Leaf Color: Green, Leaves: Alternate, Leaf Shape: Long Elliptical, Leaf Length: 3 to 7 cm : Flower color: white, number of petals: 5, inflorescence: single apical inflorescence, flower diameter: 2 cm, number of stamens: large number, fruiting period : June to September, peel color: red · crimson · yellow, fruit shape: spherical shape, pulp color: light yellow · red color, flavor: sweet and sour aroma included, weight: 70 - 200 g, fruit diameter: 4.5 cm, fruit type: Stone fruit and seeds: 1, remarks: Self incompatibility, saying "Do not correct crown to plum tree."


  • Eye
    Rosales
  • Family
    Rosaceae
  • Genus
    Prunus
  • Species
    P. salicina
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Monopetal inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Five-petal
  • Leaf type
    oblong
  • Edge of the leaf
    Serrated
  • Life typeDeciduous tree
  • Flower colorsWhite
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height400.0 ~ 1000.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower2.0 ~ 2.0 cm

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