Damask rose

Rosa × damascena

  • Damask rose
  • Damask rose
  • Damask rose
  • Damask rose
  • Flower name
    Damask rose
  • Scientific name
    Rosa × damascena
  • Alias薔薇, rose, ダマスクスローズ
  • Place of originthe Middle East
  • Place of floweringGarden, Botanical Gardens, Park, Horticultural species
  • Flowering seasonMay, June, July

What is Damask rose

Damask rose (scientific name: Rosa × damascena) is a deciduous small shrub "rose" family Rosaceae, native to the Middle East. It is considered one of the four basic Old Rose lineages: Alba, Gallica, Kentifolia (& Moss) and Damask. The damask rose, also known by its scientific name, Rosa damascena, is the original species, a natural hybrid of Rosa gallica, Rosa moschata, and Rosa fedochenkoana. It is most famous as a perfumed rose and is said to have been a favorite of Cleopatra. The "damask" of the damask rose refers to the capital of Syria, and it is the national flower of Syria. The tree grows semi-upright. The branches have numerous thorns. The leaves are pinnate compound with five pairs of single green lobes. The flowers are light pink to light red, semi-double (rosette), medium-sized, and are borne in clusters of about five on the branches. The flowers and buds have a strong fragrance and are used to make perfume. The petals can be used to make jam or eaten fresh.

Variety name: Damask rose, scientific name: Rosa damascena', also known as Rosa damascena, R. calendarum, Summer Damask, natural hybrid species: Rosa gallica, Rosa mosscata Rosa moschata, Rosa fedchenkoana, Form: semi-erect, Height: 150-220 cm, Width: 150 cm, Leaf: pinnate compound leaf, Flowering: season, Flower color: light pink to light red, Flower shape: semi-double to double rosette, Flower diameter: 6 cm, Fragrance: strong Damask scent, Flowering Flowering season: May-July (one season); uses: trees for fences, arches, obelisks, ground planting; branches for cut flowers; flowers and buds for fragrance, fresh food, herb tea.

  • Order
  • Family
  • Genus
  • Species
    R. × damascena
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Cone / Compound inflorescence
  • Petal shape
  • Leaf type
    Odd pinnate compound leaf
  • Edge of the leaf
  • Life typedeciduous shrub
  • Flower colorsPink
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit color
  • Height100.0 ~ 120.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower10.0 ~ 10.0 cm

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