- Flower nameDamask rose
- Scientific nameRosa × damascena
- Alias薔薇, rose, ダマスクスローズ
- Place of originthe Middle East
- Place of floweringGarden, Botanical Gardens, Park, Horticultural species
- Flowering seasonMay, June, July
What is Damask rose
Damask rose (scientific name: Rosa × damascena) is a deciduous small shrub "rose" family Rosaceae, native to the Middle East. It is considered one of the four basic Old Rose lineages: Alba, Gallica, Kentifolia (& Moss) and Damask. The damask rose, also known by its scientific name, Rosa damascena, is the original species, a natural hybrid of Rosa gallica, Rosa moschata, and Rosa fedochenkoana. It is most famous as a perfumed rose and is said to have been a favorite of Cleopatra. The "damask" of the damask rose refers to the capital of Syria, and it is the national flower of Syria. The tree grows semi-upright. The branches have numerous thorns. The leaves are pinnate compound with five pairs of single green lobes. The flowers are light pink to light red, semi-double (rosette), medium-sized, and are borne in clusters of about five on the branches. The flowers and buds have a strong fragrance and are used to make perfume. The petals can be used to make jam or eaten fresh.
Variety name: Damask rose, scientific name: Rosa damascena', also known as Rosa damascena, R. calendarum, Summer Damask, natural hybrid species: Rosa gallica, Rosa mosscata Rosa moschata, Rosa fedchenkoana, Form: semi-erect, Height: 150-220 cm, Width: 150 cm, Leaf: pinnate compound leaf, Flowering: season, Flower color: light pink to light red, Flower shape: semi-double to double rosette, Flower diameter: 6 cm, Fragrance: strong Damask scent, Flowering Flowering season: May-July (one season); uses: trees for fences, arches, obelisks, ground planting; branches for cut flowers; flowers and buds for fragrance, fresh food, herb tea.