Japanese red elder

Sambucus sieboldiana var. pinnatisecta

  •  Japanese red elder
  •  Japanese red elder
  • Flower name
    Japanese red elder
  • Scientific name
    Sambucus sieboldiana var. pinnatisecta
  • AliasJapanese red elder, niwatoko, 接骨木, 庭常
  • Place of originJapan, the Korean Peninsula and China
  • Place of floweringGarden, Low mountains
  • Flowering seasonApril, May

What is Japanese red elder

Japanese red elder (Scientific name: Sambucus sieboldiana var. pinnatisecta) is a deciduous shrub in the family Adoxaceae, the genus Sambucus, native to Japan, the Korean Peninsula and China. It is native to the mountains and fields of Hokkaido to Kyushu. The entire tree has been planted in gardens since ancient times because of its useful components. The young leaves and buds are used for food, the wood for crafts, the fruit for fruit wine, the dried branches and leaves for herbal medicines, the bark and wood for bathing, and the pith for specimens in experiments and to ward off evil spirits.

Common Name: Japanese red elder, Scientific Name: Sambucus sieboldiana var. pinnatisecta,Shrub height: 3-5 m, Inflorescence: opposite, Leaves: odd pinnate compound Leaf length: 10-30 cm; leaf margin: serrated; flowering time: April-May; Flower inflorescence: conical inflorescence; corolla diameter: 0.3-0.5 cm; stamens: 5; cotyledons: 3; fruit type: conical; fruit stage: June-August.


  • Order
    Dipsacales
  • Family
    Adoxaceae
  • Genus
    Sambucus
  • Species
    S. sieboldiana
  • Type of flower
    Left-right symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Scattered inflorescence/ umbrella shape
  • Petal shape
    Funnel/trumpet shaped
  • Leaf type
    Odd pinnate compound leaf
  • Edge of the leaf
    Serrated
  • Life typedeciduous shrub
  • Flower colorsWhite
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorRed Green
  • Height300.0 ~ 500.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower0.3 ~ 0.5 cm

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