Heloniopsis orientalis

  • Heloniopsis orientalis  _img_0
    Heloniopsis orientalis @ Kyoto Botanical Garden
  • Heloniopsis orientalis  _img_1
    Heloniopsis orientalis @ Kyoto Botanical Garden
  • Heloniopsis orientalis  _img_2
    Heloniopsis orientalis @ Nikko Botanical Garden
  • Heloniopsis orientalis  _img_3
    Heloniopsis orientalis @ Akatsuka Botanical Garden

Basic information

Flower Name
Heloniopsis orientalis
Formal Name
Heloniopsis orientalis
Alias
Syojobakama, Japanese hyacinth
Habitat
Japan and the Korean peninsula 
Morph
Evergreen perennial

Comment

What is Heloniopsis orientalis

Heloniopsis orientalis ,commonly called Japanese hyacinth, is an evergreen perennial of the family Melanthiaceae, genus Heloniopsis native to Japan. It grows wild on the damp ground in a plain and forest of Kyushu to Hokkaido. The radical growths leaf opens with form of rosette evenly radially. The leaf has luster in wide linear shape. It makes several flowers of the sideways-facing to short raceme postponed bloom till spring from a flower stalk. The Japanese name depends on a flower on a reddish tinge resembling a heavy drinker (It seems to like liquor in the animals in the Chinese legend) and having chosen a nature leaf to a hakama.

Common name: Heloniopsis orientalis, scientific name:Heloniopsis orientalis, aka: Japanese hyacinth, Syojobakama, origin: Japan, Habitat: Hokkaido-Kyushu Japan, environments: wetlands, forest wetlands, living type: Evergreen perennial, height: 15-25 cm, Foliage: rosette-shaped, radially on the roots open flat leaf shape: linear, from the leaf color: green red leaves (winter) green on discoloration inflorescences form: short racemes, flower color: orange / white / purple, florets diameter:1~1.5cm, stamens number: 6, anther color: reddish-purple, set size: 3-4 cm, flowering time: late May-mid-June (Alpine), March-April (low mountain), fruit: capsule and ripens fruit and seed shape: linear in ends with filamentous one, breeding methods: seeds, adventitious buds.

Detailed information

Order
Liliales
Family
Melanthiaceae
Genus
Heloniopsis
Species
H. orientalis
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Racemous Inflorescence
Petal shape
six
Leaf type
Wide linear
Leaf edge
Entire Fringe
Flowering place
Low mountain
Color
Red, Violet, Orange, White
Season
MarAprMayJun
Height
15 ~ 25 [cm]
Diameter
1 ~ 1.5

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