Welwitschia mirabilis

The national flower of Namibia.

  • Welwitschia mirabilis _img_0
    Welwitschia mirabilis @ Kyoto Botanical Garden
  • Welwitschia mirabilis _img_1
    Welwitschia mirabilis @ Kyoto Botanical Garden

Basic information

Flower Name
Welwitschia mirabilis
Formal Name
Welwitschia mirabilis
Alias
Welwitschia
Habitat
Namibia-Namib desert in the South of Angola (Africa)
Morph
Gymnosperms

Comment

What is Welwitschia mirabilis

Wilwitschia mirabilis is an inherent species of the African-Namib desert and is a gymnosperm that belongs to the family Welwitschiaceae. This species alone constitutes one family, one genus. It is the national flower of Namibia. Leaves will only be released for 2 lifetime and will continue to last forever. It is a dioecious strain, both female flowers and male flowers are in a Matsukasa shape. Flowers are attached to the axil on the axil. An important ingenuity has been applied to plants to survive the desert areas where extremely hot weather and precipitation is minimal during the daytime. The cuticular layer of the leaves is thick, and there are pores on both sides of the leaves, which absorb moisture (fog) in the atmosphere. The main roots and the spongy branches spread widely, so that the ground water is sucked up from the roots and the leaves are chilled. It is said that you will live 2,000 years with long life span. The plant name is based on the name of the Austrian explorer Friedrich Welwitsch who discovered the herbs on September 3, 1859. The Japanese name of fantasy outside was attached by Mr. Ishida Kanro in 1936.

General name: Welwitschia mirabilis , scientific name: Welwitschia mirabilis, National flower : Namibia, aka: Welwitschia , place of origin: Namibia-Namib desert in the South of Angola (Africa), height: 150 cm, leaf width: 150 cm,leaf length: 700 cm.

Detailed information

Order
Gnetales
Family
Welwitschiaceae
Genus
Welwitschia
Species
W. mirabilis
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Spike Inflorescence
Petal shape
no petal
Leaf type
Lanceolate
Leaf edge
Entire Fringe
Flowering place
Botanic gardenSpecific area
Color
Red, Green
Season
MayJunJul
Height
60 ~ 150 [cm]
Diameter
2 ~ 8

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