Flower Database

Trichosanthes

Basic information
Flower Name
Trichosanthes
Formal Name
Trichosanthes cucumeroides
Alias
Trichosanthes cucumeroides, 玉章, Karasuuri, 烏瓜
Habitat
Japan, China and Taiwan
Morph
perennial grass
Comment
Trichosanthes (scientific name:Trichosanthes cucumeroides) is native to Japan and is the vine of perennial. It lets aromatic white flowers bloom from summer to early fall from evening to early morning, and berries in the fall. Long calyx tube is 5 crack and even stretch lacy thongs tons from the edge of the sepals. It is dioecism and is divided into the male tree and a female. The flower of the female is pollinated through the medium of hummingbird Sphingidae moth, and fruit becomes in fall. Trichosanthes is similar trichosanthes kirilowii. One flower blooms from the night until early in the morning, but the difference is, length of flowering time. Trichosanthes kirilowii flowers blooming until early morning, but flower of trichosanthes has finished in the morning. Trichosanthes fruits are red and fruits of trichosanthes kirilowii is yellow. The fruits of trichosanthes kirilowii is greater than other . Trichosanthes leaf is similare the morning glory leaves, and is sharp shape with hairs on the surface. Trichosanthes kirilowiia's leaves are rounded, smooth and smaller leaves than ones of trichosanthes.
Common name: trichosanthes, scientific name:Trichosanthes cucumeroides, aka Tomasso (gyokusho), origin: Japan, China, Taiwan, Habitat: forest edge, grass length: 15 cm, flowering time: from July to September, flower color: white, flower diameter: 5 cm (including race :10 cm), fruiting period: from October to November, fruit diameter: and 5 to 7 cm, fruit color: green → (ripen) red, orange, remarks: entomophilous.
Detailed information
Order
Cucurbitales
Family
Cucurbitaceae
Genus
Trichosanthes
Species
T. cucumeroides
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Racemous Inflorescence
Petal shape
High cup
Leaf type
Cordate
Leaf edge
Incised
Flowering place
Color
White
Season
Jul Aug Sep
Height
15  ~ 15  [cm]
Diameter
5  ~ 10