Formal NameTrichosanthes cucumeroides
AliasTrichosanthes cucumeroides, 玉章, Karasuuri, 烏瓜
HabitatJapan, China and Taiwan
Trichosanthes (scientific name:Trichosanthes cucumeroides) is native to Japan and is the vine of perennial. It lets aromatic white flowers bloom from summer to early fall from evening to early morning, and berries in the fall. Long calyx tube is 5 crack and even stretch lacy thongs tons from the edge of the sepals. It is dioecism and is divided into the male tree and a female. The flower of the female is pollinated through the medium of hummingbird Sphingidae moth, and fruit becomes in fall. Trichosanthes is similar trichosanthes kirilowii. One flower blooms from the night until early in the morning, but the difference is, length of flowering time. Trichosanthes kirilowii flowers blooming until early morning, but flower of trichosanthes has finished in the morning. Trichosanthes fruits are red and fruits of trichosanthes kirilowii is yellow. The fruits of trichosanthes kirilowii is greater than other . Trichosanthes leaf is similare the morning glory leaves, and is sharp shape with hairs on the surface. Trichosanthes kirilowiia's leaves are rounded, smooth and smaller leaves than ones of trichosanthes.
Common name: trichosanthes, scientific name:Trichosanthes cucumeroides, aka Tomasso (gyokusho), origin: Japan, China, Taiwan, Habitat: forest edge, grass length: 15 cm, flowering time: from July to September, flower color: white, flower diameter: 5 cm (including race :10 cm), fruiting period: from October to November, fruit diameter: and 5 to 7 cm, fruit color: green → (ripen) red, orange, remarks: entomophilous.
Flower typeActinomorphic Flower
Flower arrayRacemous Inflorescence
Petal shapeHigh cup
SeasonJul Aug Sep
Height15 ~ 15 [cm]
Diameter5 ~ 10