Somei yoshino

Cerasus ×yedoensis

Japan spring flowers

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  • Flower name
    Somei yoshino
  • Scientific name
    Cerasus ×yedoensis
  • AliasSomeiyoshino, サクラ, Sakura, 桜, ソメイヨシノ
  • Place of originJapan
  • Place of floweringFields and footpaths, Garden, Park, Streets, Planting
  • Flowering seasonApril

What is Somei yoshino

Someiyoshino (Somei Yoshino, scientific name: Cerasus ×yedoensis cv. yedoensis) is a representative variety of "Sakura ,cherry blossom(scientific name: Cerasus L.)" a deciduous tall tree belonging to the cherry family Rosaceae that represents spring in Japan. In Japan, where there is no national flower, it follows the national flower. The blooming of the cherry tree is observed at weather stations throughout Japan, signaling the arrival of spring. Somei-Yoshino is a hybrid of Oshima-zakura (scientific name: Cerasus speciosa) ' and 'Edohigan(Cerasus itosakura f. ascendens)', and was spread throughout Japan from Somei (now Komagome) in Tokyo in the early Meiji period. The bark is black. In April, before the leaves come out, four to five light pink five-petaled flowers are borne in bunches on diffuse inflorescences extending from the branches. The flowers bloom en masse in the absence of leaves, and their flamboyant and gentle colors suit people's tastes, and hanami (cherry blossom viewing) events are held throughout Japan. The flowers also fall at once, and are popular for their good dispersal. It is called "sakura fubuki" (cherry blossom snowstorm). The autumn leaves are also beautiful in fall. However, due to its susceptibility to the "witch's broom", it has been giving up its position to the later-emerging "'Jindai-akebono(Prunus x yedoensis 'Jindai-akebono') and "Komatsu-otome(Cerasus spachiana cv. Komatsu-otome)". The language of flowers is "purity" and "outstanding beauty.

Common name: Someiyoshino, scientific name: Cerasus ×yedoensis cv. yedoensis, origin: Japan, tree height: ~12 m, trunk diameter: 1 m, life form: deciduous tall tree, leaf color: green, leaf length 7-11 cm, leaf width: 4-7 cm, leaf shape: oval, leaf margin: sharp heavily serrated, flower diameter: 2-3 cm, medium, single flower, flower color: pink to white.


  • Order
    Rosales
  • Family
    Rosaceae
  • Genus
    Cerasus
  • Species
    C. × yedoensis
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Corymbose inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Rose-shaped
  • Leaf type
    ovoid
  • Edge of the leaf
    Serrated
  • Life typeDeciduous broad-leaved tree
  • Flower colorsPink White
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit color
  • Height300.0 ~ 1200.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower3.0 ~ 3.5 cm

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