Carnation

Dianthus caryophyllus

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  • Flower name
    Carnation
  • Scientific name
    Dianthus caryophyllus
  • Aliasオランダセキチク, Carnation, 阿蘭陀石竹
  • Place of originGardening kind (as for the progenitor Southern Europe and the Mediterranean Sea coast)
  • Place of floweringGarden, Cut flowers, flower arrangement, Potted flower
  • Flowering seasonApril, May
  • Language of flowersDeep love, red flowers are love for mother, pink flowers are beautiful

What is Carnation

Carnation (Scientific name: Dianthus caryophyllus) is a cold-resistant perennial grass and gardening kind of the family Caryophyllaceae. It is a garden cultivar breeded by mating breed and daianthus etc. In recent years, new varieties that have been produced by genetic recombination are on the rise. When systematically classified, there are three types, Standard type, Spray type, Pot type. Standard carnation is one for a cut flower, with one flower on the stem of a double bowl. Spray carnation is branched stems and is distributed as cut flowers, just like the standard type. Pot carnation is a dwarf variety of seasonal flowers and seasonal flowers and is used for pot flowers. Eight double flowers bloom in spring. Flower color is abundant such as red, white, pink, purple, yellow. Speaking of carnation, red is considered a staple of gifts for flowers on Mother's Day. In 1914 , Mother's Day was enacted in the American Christian Association in the second week Sunday of May every year and then spread to Japan afterwards. For the enactment of Mother's Day, a woman named Anna Jarvis who lived in the United States is involved. She started a campaign to devote her mother's holiday by dedicating a carnation her mother liked when her respected mother died and a memorial ceremony was held at the church. Her mother did medical service in the Civil War era and she gave a handful careless hand without enemy ally. The color of the carnation it was dedicated at the memorial ceremony was white in the sense of memorizing the deceased. When mother's day began and a habit of giving a carnation, there was a suggestion from Anna, White for the deceased one, red for the living one.

■ Flower language-The red carnation is "love for mother". Pink carnation is a "beautiful behavior" .

Common name: Carnation, Scientific name: Dianthus caryophyllus, Place of Origin: Horticultural variety (original species in southern Europe and the Mediterranean coast), Plant height: 10-30 cm, Flowering stage: April to May, Flower diameter: 3-8 cm, Flower color: Red, peach, yellow, white ・ Orange ・ Purple.


  • Eye
    Caryophyllales
  • Family
    Caryophyllaceae
  • Genus
    Dianthus
  • Species
    D. caryophyllus
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Cluster inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    Funnel/trumpet shaped
  • Leaf type
    Oval
  • Edge of the leaf
    Toothed
  • Life typecold-resistant perennial grass
  • Flower colorsGreen White Orange Purple Pink Red cream Yellow
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height10.0 ~ 30.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower3.0 ~ 8.0 cm

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