saffron crocus

  • saffron crocus_img_0
    saffron crocus @ Kiba Park
  • saffron crocus_img_1
    saffron crocus @ Kiba Park

Basic information

Flower Name
saffron crocus
Formal Name
Crocus sativus
Alias
Saffron , Saffron crocus
Habitat
Garden variety (species, Greece)
Morph
Bulbous plants

Comment

What is saffron crocus

Saffron (scientific name: Crocus sativus) is native to Greece and is a bulbous plant of the family Iridaceae. The original species is from Greece, but what is currently cultivated is a horticultural variety. The plant is low and has about 10 pine-leaves. In autumn, a short stalk extends from the center of the leaf and a relatively large purple flower that resembles Crocus blooms. The pistil has a bright red color and its tip is split into three, and the dried one is prized as an expensive spice or medicine called saffron. Dried saffron, when soaked in water, turns into a yellow color with a characteristic fragrance, and is used in Spanish cuisine 'Paella' and Moroccan cuisine 'Couscous'. A similar flower isColchicum = Dog Saffron, which is a poisonous plant.

Common name: Saffron, scientific name: Crocus sativus, aka: Saffron crocus, place of origin: horticultural variety (original species is Greece) , Life style: bulbous plant, plant height: 20 cm, leaf shape: thick and linear, leaf color: green, number of leaves: 10 flowers, flower color: purple, flower diameter: 8 cm, corolla shape: funnel shape, flowering period: October ~ November, number of pistils: 1, style of flower: 3 splits in bright red, number of stamens: 3, use: spices and medicinal (flower style), potted plant, flowerbed, remarks 1: sedating stigma for medicinal use, multi-drug, coldness Ingredients used for improvement: Carotenoid glycoside (crocin), Remark 2: Crotin for yellow pigment, safranal for aromatic component.

Detailed information

Order
Asparagales
Family
Iridaceae
Genus
Crocus
Species
C. sativus
Flower type
Actinomorphic Flower
Flower array
Solitary Inflorescence
Petal shape
Iris
Leaf type
Linear
Leaf edge
Entire Fringe
Flowering place
Gardenfield
Color
Violet
Season
OctNov
Height
20 ~ 20 [cm]
Diameter
8 ~ 8

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