Papaver somniferum

Papaver somniferum

  • Papaver somniferum
  • Papaver somniferum
  • Papaver somniferum
  • Papaver somniferum
  • Papaver somniferum
  • Papaver somniferum
  • Papaver somniferum
  • Papaver somniferum
  • Flower name
    Papaver somniferum
  • Scientific name
    Papaver somniferum
  • Alias阿片ケシ, アヘンケシ, ソムニフェルム
  • Place of origin Asia Minor, India, Iran and Armenia
  • Place of floweringGarden, Park, Potted flower
  • Flowering seasonMay, June, July

What is Papaver somniferum

Papaver somniferum or Opium poppy (Scientific name: Papaver somniferum) is a biennial herb of the poppy family, native to Asia Minor, India, Iran and Armenia.
It is the so-called opium poppy and contains morphine. The leaves are gray-green and hairless. The leaves are grayish-green and hairless, without petioles, and the stems are hugged by long oval leaves. It produces a single four-petaled flower facing upward at the top of the stem in spring or early summer. The flowers are large, red, white or purple. The flowers have a foul odor. The flowers are one-day flowers that fall the next day to form a spherical capsule. The capsule contains many small seeds.

Common name: Papaver somniferum, scientific name: Papaver somniferum, Place of origin: Asia Minor, India, Iran, Armenia; Plant height: 100-200 cm; Leaf color: grayish green; Inflorescence: alternate; Leaf shape: oblong-ovate; Leaf margin: wavy, Flower diameter: 10-15 cm; bloom pattern: single or double; corolla: 4-petaled; color: red, white or purple; flowering season: May-July.


  • Eye
    Ranunculales
  • Family
    Papaveracea
  • Genus
    Papaver
  • Species
    P. somniferum
  • Type of flower
    Radial symmetrical flower
  • Array of flower
    Monopetal inflorescence
  • Petal shape
    4 petals
  • Leaf type
    oblong
  • Edge of the leaf
    Wavy
  • Life typebiennial herb
  • Flower colorsRed Purple White
  • Colors of the leavesGreen
  • Fruit colorGreen
  • Height100.0 ~ 200.0 cm
  • Diameter of flower10.0 ~ 15.0 cm

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